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2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil

Updated: June 25, 2014

Travel Health Notice

The 2014 FIFA World CupExternal link is being hosted by Brazil from June 12 to July 13. The event will take place in 12 cities across the country: Belo Horizonte, Brasília, Cuiabá, Curitiba, Fortaleza, Manaus, Natal, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and São Paulo.

Large crowds are expected, which can increase the risk of accidental injury as well as infectious diseases such as colds, fluExternal link and gastrointestinal illnessExternal link.

Brazilian health authorities have reported a significant increase in the number of measles cases as compared to the same time period in 2013. Make sure your measles vaccination is up-to-date.

Wild poliovirus type 1 has been detected in sewage samples in the state of São Paulo, Brazil in March of this year. However, no cases of paralytic polio have been reported to date. The last case of polio in Brazil was reported in 1989. Brazil is not considered a polio-affected country although travellers are still encouraged to keep their routine immunizations up to date.

The Public Health Agency of Canada recommends that all travellers attending the 2014 FIFA World Cup take routine health precautions, including the recommendations below. Check the Brazil travel advice and advisoriesExternal link for up-to-date information.



  1. Consult a health care provider or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel.
    • Make sure that you are up-to-date with your recommended routine vaccines and adult boosters, including the measlesExternal link vaccine. The routine schedule for childhood vaccines may need to be adjusted if a child is travelling.
    • Be sure to discuss your travel plans with your health care provider or travel health clinic as there may be other vaccines to considerExternal link for your travel to Brazil.
    • There is a risk of yellow feverExternal link in Brazil. Vaccination may be recommended depending on your itinerary; however, proof of vaccination is not required to enter the country.
    • Depending on your itinerary, it may be recommended that you take medication to protect against malariaExternal link. If so, it is important to take the medication until it is finished, even after your return to Canada.
  2. Check the BrazilExternal link travel health page for up-to-date information, including protection against food and water, insect and animal-related diseases.
    • There is a risk of rabiesExternal link in Brazil. Follow personal precautions to avoid contact with all animals, wild or domestic, and know what to do if you are bitten or scratched.
    • Avoid swimming in fresh water, such as ponds, lakes and rivers, as there may be a risk of schistosomiasisExternal link. There is no risk of schistosomiasis if swimming in the ocean or in well-chlorinated pools.
  3. Pack a travel health kitExternal link and purchase travel health insuranceExternal link.


  1. Protect yourself and others from the spread of germs and flu-like illnesses.
    • Wash your hands frequentlyExternal link or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available.
    • If you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and nose with your arm. If you use a tissue, dispose of it as soon as possible and wash your hands afterwards.
  2. Practise safe food and water precautions.External link
  3. Protect yourself from insect bitesExternal link, as diseases like dengueExternal link, leishmaniasisExternal link, malariaExternal link and yellow feverExternal link occur in Brazil.
  4. Protect yourself from HIV-AIDSExternal link and other sexually transmitted infections (STI).
  5. Make sure you understand the risks of alcohol and drugsExternal link when you travel as you are subject to the laws of the country you are visiting.
  6. Take precautions during outdoor activities.
  7. Drive with caution.
    • The leading cause of death among international travellers is traffic accidents.
    • Expect traffic congestion and road closures.
    • Avoid driving on unfamiliar and/or rural roads, especially at night.
    • Don’t drive if you’re under the influence of drugs or alcoholExternal link.


If you are sick after you return, see a health care provider and tell them where you have travelled.

  • If you travelled to a region where there is a risk of malariaExternal link, know the symptoms and seek medical attention immediately if a fever arises during or for up to one year after you return. Be sure to tell your healthcare provider that you have travelled to a region where malaria is present.
  • If during your trip you were bitten or scratched by an animal, see your health care provider and tell them about your exposure and any treatment you may have received.