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BCG Vaccine Usage in Canada - Current and Historical

Updated: June 2012

The following information was provided by provinces and territories and Health Canada’s First Nations and Inuit Health Branch.

 

BCG Vaccine Usage in Canada – Current and Historical
Province /Territory Historical BCG Usage
(except First Nations Communities)
BCG Usage *
(First Nations Communities)
* Routine use began in the late 1940s. Current use varies by province and territory.
Alberta Discontinued in the 1970s Offered to infants in some communities
British Columbia Discontinued in the 1970s Discontinued in all communities in 2003
Manitoba Discontinued in the 1970s Offered to infants in most  communities
New Brunswick Discontinued in the 1970s Discontinued in the 1970s
Newfoundland & Labrador Discontinued 1975 Discontinued in Labrador in 1979
Northwest Territories Routine use of BCG vaccine began in 1954. Inuit infants living in communities where TB is endemic receive routine vaccination. Vaccination is offered to immigrant infants whose families are from TB endemic countries. BCG is available for infants under two years of age who are at risk for TB such as:
-those from northern communities where there are high rates of TB; and
-infants from families or communities with a history or risk of exposure to TB.
Nova Scotia Discontinued in 1979 Discontinued in the 1970s
Nunavut Vaccine offered to all newborns  
Ontario Discontinued in the 1970s Offered to infants in the Sioux Lookout Zone
Prince Edward Island Discontinued in 1966 for schools and in 1976 for health care workers Discontinued in the 1970s
Quebec Clinical use began in 1925 with routine use for schools in 1948; discontinued in the  1970s Routine use discontinued in 2005. May consider use of vaccine in outbreak response.
Saskatchewan Clinical use began in 1933; discontinued in 1987 Some communities discontinued in 2005.  The remaining communities discontinued in September 2011.
Yukon Discontinued in the 1990s Discontinued in the 1990s