The Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System (CCDSS) uses linked administrative data sources from every province and territory to estimate the incidence and prevalence of chronic conditions, as well as related risk factors, use of health services and health outcomes. Its aim is to foster the collection of surveillance data in a consistent and comparable way across jurisdictions. Patient privacy is protected since only population-level summaries are shared by the provinces and territories. Tracking health conditions through this approach complements other surveillance data sources, such as surveys and registries, and allows for timely reporting to support the planning and evaluation of policies and programs.
The Canada Communicable Disease Report (CCDR) weekly is a digest of national and international information about communicable disease incidents and issues. CCDR weekly include:
The Canadian Congenital Anomalies Surveillance Network CCASN was established in 2002, under the umbrella of the Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System (CPSS). It is a national framework to support interdisciplinary collaboration and networking, bringing together research, surveillance and clinical and public health practices, with the ultimate goal of enhancing the quality of surveillance data and expanding our understanding of congenital anomalies.
Canadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance (CIPARS) collects information on antimicrobial resistance in enteric pathogens and commensal organisms from the agri-food sector (farm level, abattoir level and retail level), on antimicrobial resistance in enteric pathogens isolated from humans, and on antimicrobial use in humans and animals. The components are part of a representative, methodologically unified approach, modeled after international initiatives such as the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS-USA) and the Danish Integrated Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring and Research Programme (DANMAP-Denmark).
The Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program (CNISP) is a collaborative effort of the Canadian Hospital Epidemiology Committee (CHEC), a subcommittee of the Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease (AMMI) Canada and the Centre for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control (CIDPC) of the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC).
Established in 1994, the objectives of CNISP are to provide rates and trends of healthcare-associated infections at Canadian healthcare facilities, thus enabling comparison of rates (benchmarks), and to provide data that can be used in the development of national guidelines on clinical issues related to healthcare-associated infections. At present, 49 sentinel hospitals from 9 provinces participate in the CNISP network.
The Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program CPSP was established in 1996 to monitor diseases and conditions in Canadian children that are relatively low in frequency but are of public health importance, with high disability, morbidity, mortality and economic cost to society. The program is a joint project of PHAC and the Canadian Paediatric Society (CPS) and is the responsibility of Health Surveillance and Epidemiology Division in PHAC's Centre for Health Promotion.
An expert Steering Committee with representation from groups including the Council of Chief Medical Officers of Health oversees the Program and reviews new study proposals. Preference is given to studies that have strong public health importance and could not be undertaken any other way. Upon initiation of a new study, practicing Canadian paediatricians, paediatric sub-specialists and other participating specialists (e.g. geneticists) receive a summary of the protocol, including the case definition and a brief description of the condition. This serves to educate and increase awareness of conditions under surveillance while providing a uniform basis for reporting.
The Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System (CPSS) is part of the Public Health Agency of Canada's (PHAC) initiative to strengthen national health surveillance capacity. The CPSS is an ongoing national health surveillance program delivered through the Maternal and Infant Health Section. Its mission is to contribute to improved health for pregnant women, mothers and infants in Canada.
Infobase is a one-stop bilingual, free resource to help you locate high quality and up-to-date health data easily and quickly. This online dissemination tool translates health data into information to help you understand and improve the health of Canadians. Its userfriendly interface generates maps, graphs and tables that you can print, download and analyze.
Disease Surveillance On-Line is a tool providing four applications to visitors to PHAC's Web site which allow them to access data on cancer, cardiovascular disease and notifiable diseases over a range of years, and to customize the data for their specific needs.
The Centre for Immunization and Respiratory Infectious Diseases (CIRID) produces the weekly FluWatch reports summarizing influenza surveillance activities in Canada. Weekly reports are produced during the influenza season (October - May) and biweekly reports are produced during the off-season (June - September). Influenza surveillance is a collaborative effort between provincial and territorial ministries of health, public health and hospital laboratories, national surveillance networks, sentinel physicians, and CIRID.
FoodNet Canada is a multi-partner initiative facilitated by the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC). Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) and the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) are major funding partners for the pilot phase of FoodNet Canada. It is meant to support activities that will reduce the burden of enteric disease, by comprehensive sentinel site surveillance implemented through local public health units. This initiative will result in effective evaluation and development of policies related to the safety of food and water. Its approach is in line with leading-edge work in public health, as called for in Canada by the recent Haines (meat safety), Naylor (SARS outbreak) and O'Connor (water safety) reports, the Auditor General and the Pan-Canadian Public Health Network; in the United States, by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); in Australia, by the Department of Health and Ageing; and in the European Union, by the Integrated Approach to Food Safety. Such work focuses on the necessity of collaboration among jurisdictions and of integration of efforts, new communication networks, rigorous systematization, and involvement of local public health units to inform policy at the local, regional and national levels.
Injury Surveillance On-Line provides a centralized source of current data on injury deaths and hospitalizations in Canada. Interactive queries offer a choice of geography, age groups, sex, injuries and morbidity or mortality data. A variety of presentation methods such as maps, charts, graphs and tables can be produced. This timely and unique on-line data source provides easy access to, and promotes the use of, Canadian injury information and statistics.
The National Enteric Surveillance Program (NESP) is a national surveillance program designed to provide timely analysis and reporting of laboratory confirmed enteric disease cases in Canada. The NESP has been in operation since April 1997 and provides weekly reports to stakeholders across the country.
The Respiratory Virus Detection Surveillance System reports on respiratory viruses in Canada.
Describes the activities of the Transfusion Transmitted Injuries Section, which coordinates two ongoing national surveillance systems for monitoring transfusion related events - the transfusion associated adverse events reporting system (TTISS) and the transfusion error surveillance (TESS). Together, these surveillance systems are aimed at improving transfusion processes and maximizing patient safety.
West Nile Virus Surveillance Information hosted by the Centre for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, and the National Microbiology Laboratory of the Public Health Agency of Canada.