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Leading Causes of Death and Hospitalization in Canada

These tables are based on Injury and Child Maltreatment Section analysis of data from Statistics Canada (mortality) and the Canadian Institute for Health Information (hospitalization). The most frequent deaths and hospitalizations from injury and poisoning were subdivided by intent (unintentional injury, intentionally self-inflicted injury, or injury due to assault) and highlighted to stand out in the table. All data except hospitalization data from the province of Quebec were classified using ICD-10. Quebec was still using ICD-9 for this purpose in 2004-05. Adverse effects occurring in medical care were excluded from the unintentional injuries.

It should be noted that the hospitalization data represent the numbers of hospitalizations for treatment of disease or injury – not the numbers of diseases and injuries requiring hospitalization or the numbers of injured or ill people admitted to hospital.

ICD-10 groupings used in the tables.
Cause ICD-10 Code
Infectious and Parasitic Diseases A00-B99, U04
Cancer C00-D48
Blood Diseases D50-D89
Endocrine, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases E00-E99
Mental Disorders F00-F99
Nervous System & Sense Organ Diseases G00-G99, H00-H95
Circulatory System Diseases I00-I99
Respiratory System Diseases J00-J99
Digestive System Diseases K00-K93
Skin and Subcutaneous System Diseases L00-L99
Musculoskeletal Diseases M00-M99
Genitourinary System Diseases N00-N99
Complications of Pregnancy O00-O99
Causes of Perinatal Mortality P00-P99
Congenital Anomalies Q00-Q99
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) R95
All Injuries V01-Y89
Unintentional Injuries* V01-X59, Y85-Y86
Self-Inflicted Injuries X60-X84, Y87.0
Injuries due to Assault X85-Y09, Y87.1
Injuries due to Legal Intervention Y35-Y36, Y89 (.0-.1)
Injuries of Undetermined Intent Y10-Y34, Y87.2, Y89.9