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National Child Day Online Quiz for Adults

Question 1: The goal of Canada’s National Child Day is to:

  1. help ensure children know their rights
  2. help ensure Canadians are aware of children’s rights
  3. all of the above

Answer: c
The purpose of National Child Day is to promote awareness about the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Government of Canada works collaboratively with provinces, territories and Canadians to promote and protect children’s rights, and encourages Canadians to celebrate National Child Day on November 20th.

Question 2: Which human rights treaty sets out the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of people less than 18 years of age?

  1. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
  2. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
  3. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Answer: b
The United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child is a human rights treaty that sets out the basic human rights to which all children are entitled: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life.

The Convention also contains four core principles which include non-discrimination, the best interests of the child, the right to life, survival and development, and respect for the views of the child.

Canada ratified the Convention in 1991. Canada is also a party to the two Optional Protocols to the Convention: the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict (which Canada ratified in 2000); and the Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography (which Canada ratified in 2005).

Question 3: What did Canada commit to by ratifying the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) in 1991?

  1. Realizing the rights of people under 18 years of age to be treated with dignity and respect.
  2. Ensuring that Canadian legislation, policies, and programs are consistent with the obligations under the UNCRC.
  3. Both a and b.

Answer: c
By ratifying the UNCRC, federal, provincial and territorial governments made a commitment to implement the rights recognized in the UNCRC. In supporting the Convention, Canada recognizes that all children should be provided every opportunity to grow up healthy and to reach their full potential.

Question 4: How many countries have ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child?

  1. 193
  2. 10
  3. 77
  4. All countries

Answer: a
A total of 193 countries have ratified the Convention to date.

Question 5: Child rights apply to anyone who is:

  1. 12 years and under
  2. 16 years and under
  3. Below the age of 18 years
  4. 21 years and under

Answer: c
In 1989, world leaders decided that children needed a special convention just for them because people under the age of 18 often need special care and protection that adults do not.

Question 6: Children who are capable of forming their own views have the right to express those views in all matters that affect them.

  1. True
  2. False

Answer: True
Children who are capable of forming their own views are entitled to participate and express their views in matters that affect them. For example, children should be given the opportunity to express their views when a decision of expulsion from school is under consideration. The views of children will be given due weight in accordance with their age and maturity.

Question 7: When a child spreads a rumour about a classmate through Facebook, they may be violating their classmate’s basic rights.

  1. True
  2. False

Answer: True
All children have the right to privacy and protection from all forms of mental injury or physical abuse. Article 19 of the Convention states that all children have the right to be protected from being hurt or mistreated, in body or mind.

Question 8: The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child makes specific references to Aboriginal children.

  1. True
  2. False

Answer: True
While each of the rights contained in the Convention apply to all children, whether Aboriginal or not, the Convention on the Rights of the Child was the first human rights treaty to include specific references to Aboriginal children in regards to: access to information and mass media (Article 17), education (Article 29) and culture, religion and language (Article 30).

Question 9: A young person who applies and gets accepted into a university should have access to scholarships or loans so they can attend.

  1. True
  2. False

Answer: True
Canada must take appropriate measures to ensure higher education is accessible to all. One of the ways Canada does this is by provinces and territories offering students a variety of opportunities for educational scholarships and loans based on merit and need.

Question 10: When parents separate or divorce and there is a need to determine the parenting arrangements for the child, the courts must consider what is in the best interests of the child’s parents.

  1. True
  2. False

Answer: False
In Canada, when parents separate or divorce and it is necessary for a court to determine the appropriate parenting arrangements for a child, the decision is made on the basis of what is in the best interests of the child.

Question 11: A child 16 years of age can join the Canadian Armed Forces.

  1. True
  2. False

Answer: True
Anyone 16 years and older may volunteer to join the Armed Forces in Canada, as long as they have not been coerced into joining, know exactly what they are volunteering for, and have obtained consent from a parent or legal guardian. However, they may not engage in combat if they have not reached the age of 18.