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Measles and Rubella Weekly Monitoring Report

Week 03, 2015: January 18 to January 24, 2015

Key Points

  • In Canada, no new cases of measles or rubella were reported during week 03.

Epidemiological Summary

Figure 1: Number of cases measles (n=0) and rubella (n=0), by week of rash onset, as reported to the Canadian Measles/ Rubella Surveillance System (CMRSS) and Measles and Rubella Surveillance system (MARS), for the period ending January 24, 2015.

Figure 1 - No cases

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During epidemiological week 03, 2015, no new cases of measles or rubella were reported in Canada.

The year-to-date total is 0 cases of measles and 0 cases of rubella for 2015.

Geographic Distribution

Figure 2: Distribution of confirmed measles and rubella cases by health region. Cases are included if they are considered activeFootnote *.

Figure 2 - No cases

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Footnote *
Active cases or outbreaks are those in which the onset date of the most recent case/outbreak-associated case falls within 32 days of the issue date of this reportFootnote 1.

Laboratory Summary

Measles

For 2015, no measles or rubella cases have been genotyped.

Figure 3. Distribution of measles genotypes detected in 2015 (n=0) by week of rash onset (if available, n=0) or specimen collection (n=0). Epidemiological weeks are assigned in accordance with WHO guidelines (WHO.WER.2012;9(87):73) with week 1 beginning on the first Monday of the year.

Figure 3 - No cases

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The current global distribution of measles genotypes can be found on the WHO Measles Nucleotide Surveillance (MeaNS) websiteExternal Link.

For information regarding the interpretation and use of measles genotyping (including a discussion of genotypes and sequence variants), refer to Hiebert J and Severini A. Canada Communicable Disease Report. 2014; 40-12: 257- 260.

Footnote 1
Public Health Agency of Canada. Guidelines for the prevention and control of measles outbreaks in Canada. Canadian Communicable Disease Report. 2013. Vol. 39: Definitions: conclusion of an outbreak (p. 5).