Avian influenza is a contagious viral infection that can affect all species of birds but can, less commonly, infect mammals. While all bird species are thought to be susceptible to infection, domestic poultry flocks are especially vulnerable to infections that can rapidly turn into epidemics.
Canadian Food Inspection Agency - Avian Influenza
- Human Health Issues related to Avian Influenza in Canada (2006-10-25)
These technical guidelines provide recommendations for people working in public health and those involved in the human health issues associated with a potential outbreak of Avian Influenza in Canada. Many representatives from the federal, provincial/territorial and local governments and experts contributed to the development of these guidelines.
- Fact Sheet: Guidance on Precautions for the Handling of Wild Birds (2006-05-19)
Wild waterfowl in Canada and throughout the world are natural carriers of influenza viruses. These viruses typically cause little or no harm to the birds. Periodically these viruses can spread to domestic poultry and, under certain circumstances, to people.
- Preventing Avian Influenza Spread on Your Premises
Vehicles, equipment and clothing can carry the avian influenza virus. As a general practice, poultry owners should strictly limit access to their premises. If visitors must enter, ensure that they take the following biosecurity precautions. These measures can significantly reduce the risk of avian influenza spread.