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Poliomyelitis (Polio)

Recent Notices

Polio is a very contagious infection that is caused by the poliovirus. Thanks to immunization, Canada has been polio free for the last 20 years. But before the polio vaccine was introduced in 1955, thousands of Canadian children were affected.

Polio crippled tens of thousands of Canadians until the vaccine was introduced. It used to be called "infantile paralysis" or "the crippler"; because it could permanently damage nerve cells that control muscles.

Since there is no cure for polio, prevention is very important. The polio vaccine is a safe and effective way to prevent polio and keep it from coming back to Canada. It is free and available to all Canadians.

On May 5, the World Health Organization declared the recent international spread of polio a public health emergency of international concern.

Causes

Causes

Causes of the disease, how it's spread, and where it's found.

Symptoms

Main symptoms, what to look for and what to do if you become ill.

Risks

Risks

What the risks are and who is most at risk.

Treatment

Treatment

How the disease is diagnosed and treatment options.

Prevention

Prevention

How the disease can be prevented, vaccine information and additional measures.

Surveillance

Surveillance

How the disease is monitored.

Health Professionals

Health Professionals

Disease description, epidemiology, publications and resources.