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Ebola virus disease

Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe disease that causes haemorrhagic fever in humans and animals. Diseases that cause haemorrhagic fevers, such as Ebola, are often fatal as they affect the body's vascular system (how blood moves through the body). This can lead to significant internal bleeding and organ failure.

The current outbreak of Ebola is in Central and West Africa. There have not been any cases of Ebola in Canada.

The Ebola virus can spread through:

  • contact with infected animals
  • contact with blood, body fluids or tissues of infected persons
  • contact with medical equipment, such as needles, contaminated with infected body fluids

Exposure can occur in health care settings when staff do not wear appropriate protective equipment, such as masks, gowns and gloves.

As long as precautions are taken, there is low risk of contracting EVD in a country where the disease is present.


Causes

Causes

Causes of the disease, how it's spread, and where it's found.

Symptoms

Main symptoms, what to look for and what to do if you become ill.

Risks

Risks

What the risks are and who is most at risk.

Treatment

Treatment

How the disease is diagnosed and treatment options.

Prevention

Prevention

How the disease can be prevented, vaccine information and additional measures.

Surveillance

Surveillance

How the disease is monitored.

Health Professionals

Health Professionals

Disease description, epidemiology, publications and resources.

Canada's Response to Ebola

Canada's Response to Ebola

Protecting Canadians from Ebola

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