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Joint Statement on Safe Sleep Preventing Sudden Infant Deaths in Canada

2011 Reference list

Literature Reviews, Practice Recommendations, Data

  1. Willinger, M., James, L.S., & Catz, C. (1991). Defining the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS): Deliberations of an expert panel convened by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Fetal and Pediatric Pathology, 11, 5, 677-684.
  2. Kinney, H.C., & Thach, B.T. (2009). The sudden infant death syndrome. The New England Journal of Medicine, 361, 8, 795-805.
  3. Public Health Agency of Canada. (2008). Canadian Perinatal Health Report. 2008 Edition. Ottawa, Canada: Author.
  4. Blair, P., Sidebotham, P., Berry, P., Evans, M., & Fleming, P. (2006). Major epidemiological changes in sudden infant death syndrome: A 20 year population-based study in the UK. Lancet, 367,314-319.
  5. Leach, C.E., Blair, P.S., Fleming, P.J., Smith, I.J., Platt, M.W., Berry, P.J., Golding, J., & the CESDI SUDI Research Group. (1999). Epidemiology of SIDS and explained sudden infant deaths. Pediatrics. 104, e43.
  6. Blair, P.S., & Fleming, P.J. (2002). Epidemiological investigation of sudden infant death syndrome in infants: Recommendations for future studies. Child: Care, Health & Development. 28, 49-54.
  7. Mitchell, E.A., Taylor, B.J., Ford, R.P.K., Stewart. A.W., Becroft, D.M.O., Thompson, J.M.D., Scragg, R., Hassall, I.B., Barry, D.M.J., Allen, E.M., Roberts, A.P. (1992). Four modifiable and other major risk factors for cot death: The New Zealand Study. Journal of Paediatric Child Health, 28, Supplement 1, S3-8.
  8. Blair, P.S., Fleming, P.J., Bensley, D., Smith, I., Bacon, C., Taylor, E., Berry, J., Golding, J., & Tripp, J. (1996). Smoking and the sudden infant death syndrome: Results from 1993-1995 case-control study for confidential inquiry into stillbirths and deaths in infancy. British Medical Journal, 313, 195-198.
  9. Oyen N., Markestad, T., Skjaerven, R., Irgens, L., Helweg-Larsen, K., Alm, B., Norvenius, G., & Wennergren, G. (1997). Combined effects of sleeping position and prenatal risk factors in sudden infant death syndrome: The Nordic Epidemiological SIDS study. Pediatrics, 100, 613-621.
  10. Brooke, H., Gibson, A., Tappin, D., & Brown, H. (1997). Case-control study of sudden infant death syndrome in Scotland, 1992-5. British Medical Journal, 314, 1516-1520.
  11. Alm, B., Milerad, J., Wennergren, G., Skjaerven, R., Oyen, N., Norvenius, G., Daltveit, A-K., Helweg-Larsen, K. Markestad, T., Irgens, L.M. and the Nordic Epidemiological SIDS Study. (1998). A case-control study of smoking and sudden infant death syndrome in the Scandinavian countries, 1992-1995. Archives of Diseases in Children, 78, 329-334.
  12. Carpenter, R.G., Irgens, L.M., Blair, P.S., England, P.D., Fleming, P., Huber, J., Jorch, G., & Schreuder, P. (2004). Sudden unexplained infant death in 20 regions in Europe: Case-control study. Lancet, 363, 185-91.
  13. Gessner, B.D., Ives, G.C., Perham-Hester, K.A. (2001). Association between sudden infant death syndrome and prone sleep position, bed sharing, and sleeping outside an infant crib in Alaska. Pediatrics. 108, 923-927.
  14. Vennemann, M., Findeisen, M., Butterfab-Bahloul, T., Jorch, G., Brinkman, B., Kopcke, W., Bajanowski, T., Mitchell, E., & the GeSID Group. (2005). Modifiable risk factors for SIDS in Germany: Results of GeSID. Acta Paediatrica, 94, 655-660.
  15. Hauck, F.R., Herman, S.M., Donovan, M., Iyasu, S., Moore, C.M., Donoghue, E., Kirshner, R.H., & Willinger, M. (2003). Sleep environment and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome in an urban population: The Chicago infant mortality study. Pediatrics, 111, 1207-1214.
  16. Fleming, P., & Blair, P. (2007). Sudden infant death syndrome and parental smoking. Early Human Development, 83, 11, 721-725.
  17. Rusen, I.D., Sauve, R., Joseph, K.S., & Kramer, M.S. (2004). Sudden infant death syndrome in Canada: Trends in rates and risk factors, 1985-1998. Chronic Diseases in Canada, 25, 1, 1-6.
  18. U.S, Department of Health and Human Services. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Sudden Unexpected Infant Death (SUID): Sudden, Unexpected Infant Death (SUID) Initiative. Retrieved on February 2, 2009 from www.cdc.gov/sids/SUIDAbout.htm
  19. Shapiro-Mendoza, C.K., Kimball, M., Tomachek, K.M., Anderson, R.N., & Blanding, S. (2009). US infant mortality trends attributable to accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed from 1984 through 2004: Are rates increasing? Pediatrics, 123, 533-539.
  20. McGarvey, C., McDonnell, M., Chong, A., O’Regan, M., & Matthews, T. (2003). Factors relating to the infant’s last sleep environment in sudden infant death syndrome in the Republic of Ireland. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 88, 1058-1064
  21. Mitchell, E.A., & Scragg, L., & Clements, M. (1996). Soft cot mattresses and the sudden infant death syndrome. New Zealand Medical Journal, 109, 206-207.
  22. Thach, B.T., Rutherford, G.W., & Harris, K. (2007). Deaths and injuries attributed to infant crib bumper pads. Journal of Pediatrics, 151, 271-274.
  23. L’Hoir, M.P., Engelberts, A.C., van Well, G.T.J., McClelland, S., Westers, P., Dandachli, T., Mellenbergh, G.J, Wolters, W.H.G., & Huber, J. (1998). Risk and preventive factors for cot death in The Netherlands, a low-incidence country. European Journal of Pediatrics, 157, 681-688.
  24. Fleming, P.J., Blair, P.S., Bacon, C., Bensley, D., Smith, I., Taylor, E., Berry, J., Golding, J., Tripp, J., & CESDI Regional Coordinators and Researchers. (1996). Environment of infants during sleep and risk of the sudden infant death syndrome: Results of 1993-95 case-control study for confidential inquiry into stillbirths and deaths in infancy. British Medical Journal, 313, 191-95.
  25. Ponsonby, A.-L. Dwyer, T., Couper, D., & Cochrane, J. (1998). Association between use of a quilt and sudden infant death syndrome: Case-control study. British Medical Journal, 316, 195-196.
  26. Ostfeld, B.M., Perl, H., Esposito, L., Hempstead, K., Hinnen, R., Sandler, A., Goldblatt Pearson, P., & Hegyi, T. (2006). Sleep environment, positional, lifestyles, demographic characteristics associated with bed sharing in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Cases: A population-based study. Pediatrics, 118, 2051-2059.
  27. Mitchell, E., Thach, B., Thompson, J., & Williams, S. (1999). Changing infants’ sleep position increases risk of sudden infant death syndrome. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 153, 1136-1141.
  28. Li, D.K., Petitti, D.B., Willinger, M., McMahon, R., Odouli, R., Vu, H., & Hoffman, H.J. (2003). Infant sleep position and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome in California, 1997-2000. American Journal of Epidemiology, 157, 5, 446-455.
  29. Vandenplas, Y., Rudolph, C.D., Lorenzo, C., Hassall, E., Liptak, G., Mazur, L., Sondheimer, J., Staiano, A., Thomson, M., Veereman-Wauters, G., & Wenzl, T.G. (2009). Pediatric gastroesophageal reflux clinical practice guidelines: Joint recommendations of the North American Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (HASPGHAN) and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN). Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 49, 498-547.
  30. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. CPSC and FDA warn against sleep positioners because of suffocation risk: Initial communication. Retrieved on December 7, 2010 from http://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/Safety/AlertsandNotices/ucm227301.htm
  31. Hutchison, B.L., Thompson, J.M., Mitchell, E.A. (2003). Determinants of nonsynostotic plagiocephaly: A case-control study. Pediatrics, 12, e316.
  32. van Vlimmeren, L.A., van der Graaf, Y., Boere-Boonekamp, M.M., L’Hoir, M.P., Helders, P.J., & Engelbert, R,H. (2007). Risk factors for deformational plagiocephaly at birth and at 7 weeks of age: A prospective cohort study. Pediatrics, 119, e408-e418.
  33. Schoendorf, K.C., & Kiely, J.L. (1992). Relationship of sudden infant death syndrome to maternal smoking during and after pregnancy. Pediatrics, 90, 905-908.
  34. Mitchell, E.A., Ford, R.P.K., Stewart, A.W., Taylor, B.J., Becroft, D.M.O., Thompson, J.M.D., Scragg, R., Hassall, I., Barry, D.M.J., Allen, E.M., & Roberts, A.P. (1993). Smoking and the sudden infant death syndrome. Pediatrics, 91, 893-896.
  35. Brooke, H., Gibson, A., Tappin, D., & Brown, H. (1997). Case-control study of sudden infant death syndrome in Scotland, 1992-5. British Medical Journal, 314, 1516-1520.
  36. Mitchell E.A., & Milerad, J. (2006). Smoking and the sudden infant death syndrome. Reviews of Environmental Health, 21, 2, 81-103.
  37. Rehm, J., Baliunas, D., Brochu, S., Fischer, B., Gnam, W., Patra, J., Popova, S., Sarnocinska-Hart, S., & Taylor, B. (2006). The costs of substance abuse in Canada 2002. (Available from the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse, 75 Albert St., Suite 300, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5E7.)
  38. Tappin, D., Ecob, R., & Brooke, H. (2005). Bedsharing, roomsharing, and sudden infant death syndrome in Scotland: A case-control study. Journal of Pediatrics, 147, 1, 32-37.
  39. Scheers, N., Rutherford, W., & Kemp, J. (2003). Where should infants sleep? A comparison of risk for suffocation of infants sleeping in cribs, adult beds, and other sleeping locations. Pediatrics, 112, 883-889.
  40. Ponsonby, A-L., Dwyer, T., Gibbons, I.E., Cochrane, J.A., Jones, M.E., & McCall, M.J. (1992). Thermal environment and sudden infant death syndrome: Case-control study. British Medical Journal, 204, 277-282.
  41. Mitchell, E.A., Thompson, J.M.D., Becroft, D.M.O., Bajanowski, T., Brinkmann, B., Happe, A., Jorch, G., Blair, P.S., Sauerland, C., & Vennemann, M.M. (2008). Head covering and the risk of SIDS: Findings from the New Zealand and German SIDS case-controlled studies. Pediatrics, 121, 6, e1478-e1483.
  42. Cote, A., Bairam, A., Deschesne M., & Hatzakis, G. (2008). Sudden infant deaths in sitting devices. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 93, 384-389.
  43. Scragg, R.K.R., Mitchell, E.A., Stewart. A.W., Ford, R.P., Taylor, B.J., Hassall, I.B., Williams, S.M., & Thompson, J.M. (1996). Infant room-sharing and prone sleep position in sudden infant death syndrome. Lancet. 347, 7-12.
  44. Carroll-Pankhurst, C., & Mortimer, E.A. (2001). Sudden infant death syndrome, bedsharing, parental weight, and age of death. Pediatrics, 107, 3, 530-536.
  45. Ruys, J.H., Jonge, G.A., Brand, R., Engelberts, A., & Semmekrot, B.A. (2007). Bed-sharing in the first four months of life: A risk factor for sudden infant death. Acta Paediatrica, 96, 1399-1403.
  46. Blair, P.S., Fleming, P.J., Smith, I.J., Ward Platt, M., Young, J., Nadin, P., Berry, P.J., Golding J., & the CESDI SUDI research group. (1999). Babies sleeping with parents: Case-control study of factors influencing the risk of sudden infant death syndrome. British Medical Journal, 319, 1457-1462.
  47. Vennemann, M., Bajanowski, T., Brinkmann, B., Jorch, G., Yucesan, K., Sauerland, C., & Mitchell, E.A. and the GeSID Study Group. (2009). Does breastfeeding reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome? Pediatrics, 123, e406-410.
  48. US Department of Health and Human Services. (2007). Breastfeeding and maternal and infant health outcomes in developed countries, evidence report/technology assessment. Number 153.
  49. Li, D.K., Willinger, M., Petitti, D.B., Odouli, R., Liu, L., & Hoffman, H.J. (2006). Use of a dummy (pacifier) during sleep and risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS): Population based case-control study. British Medical Journal, 332, 18-22.
  50. Hauck, F.R., Omojokun, O.O., & Siadaty, M.S. (2005). Do pacifiers reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome? A meta-analysis. Pediatrics, 116, e716-e723.
  51. L’Hoir, M.P., Engelberts, A.C., van Well, G.T., Damste, P.H., Idema, N.K., Westers, P., Mellenbergh, G.J., Wolters, W.H., & Huber, J. (1999). Dummy use, thumb sucking, mouth breathing and cot death. European Journal of Pediatrics, 158, 11, 896-901.
  52. Mitchell, E.A., Taylor, B.J., Ford, R.P.K., Stewart. A.W., Becroft, D.M., Thompson, J.M., Scragg, R., Hassall, I.B., Barry, D.M., & Allen, E.M. (1993). Dummies and the sudden infant death syndrome. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 68, 501-504.
  53. O’Connor, N.R., Tanabe, K.O., Siadaty, M.S., Hauck, F.R (2009). Pacifiers and breastfeeding: a systematic review. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 163, 378-382

Joint Statement on Safe Sleep Preventing Sudden Infant Deaths in Canada