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Diabetes in Canada: Facts and figures from a public health perspective

This 2011 report provides the most recent diabetes statistics in Canada. It presents rates of the disease (type 1 and type 2 combined) by age group, sex, province and over time, its consequences on the health of affected individuals, and health care utilisation related with diabetes. The report offers statistics on risk factors for developing diabetes and its complications, including obesity/overweight, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and smoking. Information on diabetes among children and youth and Aboriginal populations is also presented.

Table of contents

List of figures

Chapter 1

  • Figure 1-1. Prevalence of diagnosed diabetes among individuals aged one year and older, by age group and sex, Canada, 2008/09
  • Figure 1-2. Age-standardized prevalence of diagnosed diabetes among individuals aged one year and older, by province/territory, Canada, 2008/09
  • Figure 1-3. Age-standardized prevalence and number of cases of diagnosed diabetes among individuals aged one year and older, Canada, 1998/99 to 2008/09
  • Figure 1-4. Prevalence of diagnosed diabetes among individuals aged one year and older, by age group, Canada, 1998/99 to 2008/09
  • Figure 1-5. Incidence rates of diagnosed diabetes among individuals aged one year and older, by age group and sex, Canada, 2008/09
  • Figure 1-6. Age-standardized incidence rates of diagnosed diabetes among individuals aged one year and older, by province/territory, Canada, 1998/99 to 2008/09
  • Figure 1-7. Age-standardized incidence rates and number of incident cases of diagnosed diabetes among individuals aged one year and older, Canada, 1998/99 to 2008/09
  • Figure 1-8. Prevalence of diabetes among individuals aged 20 to 79 years, Europe, North America and Oceania, 2010

Chapter 2

  • Figure 2-1. Number of units of diabetes medications, by medication type, Canada, 2005 to 2009
  • Figure 2-2. Prevalence rate ratios of complications among hospitalized individuals aged 20 years and older, by diabetes status, Canada, 2008/09
  • Figure 2-3. Number of incident cases of end-stage renal disease, by primary diagnosis, Canada, 2000 to 2009
  • Figure 2-4. Rate of preterm birth, small-for-gestational age, and macrosomia, by maternal diabetes status, Canada, 2006/07
  • Figure 2-5. Prevalence and rate ratios of self-reported health as "fair" or "poor" among individuals aged 20 years and older, by age group and diabetes status, Canada, 2009- 2010
  • Figure 2-6. All-cause mortality rates and rate ratios among individuals aged 20 years and older, by diabetes status, Canada, 2008/09
  • Figure 2-7. Life expectancy (LE) and health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) among individuals from birth and older, by age group, sex, and diabetes status, Canada, 2004/05 to 2006/07

Chapter 3

  • Figure 3-1. Rate ratios of visits to family physicians among individuals aged one year and older, by age group, sex, and diabetes status, Canada, 2008/09
  • Figure 3-2. Rate ratios of visits to specialists among individuals aged one year and older, by age group, sex, and diabetes status, Canada, 2008/09
  • Figure 3-3. Rate ratios of hospitalizations among individuals aged one year and older, by age group, sex, and diabetes status, Canada, 2008/09
  • Figure 3-4. Components of total, direct, and indirect costs of diabetes
  • Figure 3-5. Annual per capita health care costs of diabetes cases diagnosed in 1992, Saskatchewan, 1991 to 2001

Chapter 4

  • Figure 4-1. Prevalence of self-reported overweight and obesity among individuals aged 18 years and older, by age group and sex, Canada, 2009-2010
  • Figure 4-2. Age-standardized prevalence of self-reported overweight and obesity among individuals aged 18 years and older, by province/territory, Canada, 2009-2010
  • Figure 4-3. Prevalence of obesity (measured, self-reported, and estimated) among individuals aged 18 years and older, Canada, 1978 to 2009-2010
  • Figure 4-4. Distribution of self-reported body mass index (BMI) among individuals aged 18 years and older, by diabetes status, Canada, 2009-2010
  • Figure 4-5. Rate ratios of self-reported diabetes among individuals aged 18 years and older who were overweight and obese versus normal weight, by age group and sex, Canada, 2009-2010
  • Figure 4-6. Prevalence of self-reported physical inactivity among individuals aged 12 years and older, by age group and sex, Canada, 2009-2010
  • Figure 4-7. Age-standardized prevalence of self-reported physical inactivity among individuals aged 12 years and older, by province/territory, Canada, 2009-2010
  • Figure 4-8. Prevalence of self-reported inadequate vegetable and fruit consumption among individuals aged 12 years and older, by age group and sex, Canada, 2009-2010
  • Figure 4-9. Age-standardized prevalence of self-reported inadequate vegetable and fruit consumption among individuals aged 12 years and older, by province/territory, Canada, 2009-2010
  • Figure 4-10. Age-standardized prevalence of self-reported daily tobacco smoking among individuals aged 18 years and older, by province/territory, Canada, 2009-2010
  • Figure 4-11. Age-standardized prevalence of self-reported daily tobacco smoking among individuals aged 12 years and older, by sex, Canada, 2003 to 2010

Chapter 6

  • Figure 6-1. Proportion of adverse complications among First Nations individuals on-reserve aged 18 years and older with self-reported diabetes, by number of complications, Canada, 2002-2003
  • Figure 6-2. Prevalence of adverse complications among First Nations individuals on-reserve aged 18 years and older with self-reported diabetes, Canada, 2008-2010

List of tables

Chapter 1

  • Table 1-1. Prevalence and number of cases of diagnosed diabetes among individuals aged one year and older, by age group and sex, Canada, 2008/09
  • Table 1-2. Incidence rates and number of incident cases of diagnosed diabetes among individuals aged one year and older, by age group and sex, Canada, 2008/09

Chapter 2

  • Table 2-1. Proportion and number of diabetes medications among individuals aged 12 years and older with self-reported diabetes, by age group and medication type, Canada, 2009-2010

Chapter 4

  • Table 4-1. Proportion of exceeded cut points for metabolic syndrome among individuals aged 20 years and older, by sex and measure, Canada, 2007-2009
  • Table 4-2. Prevalence of self-reported modifiable risk factors among individuals aged 20 years and older, by race/ethnicity, Canada, 2009-2010
  • Table 4-3. Prevalence of self-reported modifiable risk factors among individuals aged 20 years and older, by income quintile, Canada, 2009-2010
  • Table 4-4. Prevalence of self-reported modifiable risk factors among individuals aged 20 years and older, by education level, Canada, 2009-2010
  • Table 4-5. Prevalence of self-reported modifiable risk factors among individuals aged 20 years and older, by rural/urban residence, Canada, 2009-2010

Chapter 6

  • Table 6-1. Prevalence of self-reported diabetes among First Nations, Inuit, and Métis individuals aged 12 years and older, Canada, 2006, 2008-2010, 2009-2010
  • Table 6-2. Crude prevalence of self-reported overweight and obesity among First Nations, Inuit, and Métis individuals aged 18 years and older, Canada, 2008-2010, 2009-2010
  • Table 6-3. Crude prevalence of self-reported daily tobacco smoking among First Nations, Inuit, and Métis individuals aged 18 years and older, Canada, 2008-2010, 2009-2010

List of boxes

Introduction

  • Box I-1. Main forms of diabetes
  • Box I-2. Clinical criteria for the diagnosis of impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes
  • Box I-3. National data sources and limitations

Chapter 4

  • Box 4-1. Body mass index
  • Box 4-2. Clinical criteria for the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome

Chapter 6

  • Box 6-1. National data sources on the health of First Nations, Inuit, and Métis populations

To obtain print copies or to submit comments about this report, please contact:

Chronic Disease Surveillance and Monitoring Division
Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control
785 Carling Avenue, AL: 6806B
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0K9
Canada
E-mail: chronic.publications.chronique@phac-aspc.gc.ca